Overview: Most women will get a vaginal yeast infection at some point in their life. Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include burning, itching, and thick, white discharge. Yeast infections are easy to treat, but it is important to see your doctor or nurse if you think you have an infection. Yeast infection symptoms are similar to other vaginal infections and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If you have a more serious infection, and not a yeast infection, it can lead to major health problems.

Resources and Links

  • American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
  • Call your health care provider if:
    • This is the first time that you have had symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection
    • You are not sure if you have a yeast infection
    • Your symptoms don’t go away after using over-the-counter medicines
    • Your symptoms get worse
    • You develop other symptoms



In-Depth: A vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina that causes itching and burning of the vulva, the area around the vagina. Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the fungus Candida.

Who gets vaginal yeast infections?
Women and girls of all ages can get vaginal yeast infections. Three out of four women will have a yeast infection at some point in their life. Almost half of women have two or more infections.1

Vaginal yeast infections are rare before puberty and after menopause.

Are some women more at risk for yeast infections?
Yes. Your risk for yeast infections is higher if:

You are pregnant
You have diabetes and your blood sugar is not under control
You use a type of hormonal birth control that has higher doses of estrogen
You douche or use vaginal sprays
You recently took antibiotics such as amoxicillin or steroid medicines
You have a weakened immune system, such as from HIV