Health ConditionsIn the News

Padma Lakshmi’s Personal Cause: The Endometriosis Foundation of America

Endometriosis effectively exiled Padma Lakshmi from her life, one week a month, every year, for over 20 years. She’s a college-educated, professional woman living in a major city with access to the best doctors and health insurance. Despite all this, she had never heard of the disease.

“I wanted to change that for other young women,” the Emmy nominated actress, food expert, model, award-winning author, and host on Top Chef, says.

This led her to found the Endometriosis Foundation of America in 2009 with her doctor and savior, Dr. Tamer Seckin. The EFA is a nonprofit organization dedicated to combating endometriosis through advocacy, targeted research, education, and increasing awareness.

Road to Recovery

From early adolescence, Lakshmi knew there was something wrong with her period. She had intense pain, cramping, nausea, headache, fatigue, and excessive blood flow. “I was told by my mother that this was just our lot in life, because I’m sure that’s what she was told by her mother,” she says. “So I expected the pain, saw my mother go through it in fact, month in and month out.”

In her 20s, Lakshmi went on birth control, which didn’t alleviate symptoms. She had a couple of ovarian cysts removed when she was 30, yet her doctor didn’t inform her that she had a chronic condition that needed to be monitored. In 2005, she was rushed to the hospital because of severe abdominal cramps. “It turned out that some endometrial tissue had wrapped itself around my small intestine like a tourniquet,” she recalls. “The gastroenterological surgeon who called this tissue ‘scar tissuesaid that he snipped it off and that I should be fine. Again, I was far from fine, and all of the symptoms I had came raging back with my next period.”

When she started bleeding in the middle of her cycle while at a photo shoot, she called her doctor. She says that he was not only concerned about what was happening, but that for decades, she had been prescribed narcotic pain medication by various gynecologists who didn’t see anything abnormal in her “very abnormal systems.”

In her words, Lakshmi fell through the cracks. But then at 36, she was referred to Dr. Seckin, who Lakshmi says was the first and only person to worry about her health as she did. “He was the first doctor to make me feel like I wasn’t crazy or overdramatic,” she says. “He was actually astonished that I had been walking around with the severity of pain and symptoms I had. The diagnosis and treatment that I received from Dr. Seckin significantly changed my life and ability to be a mother. And yet, in spite of my luck, I am still walking around with one fallopian tube, not two.”

Not only does endometriosis affect a woman’s fertility and physical health, but it’s devastating emotionally, says Lakshmi. “Nobody wants to talk about this stuff,” she says. “It’s an incredibly private subject for most women, and even more so for a teenage girl. If I had been diagnosed at 16, or 26 or even 32, I would have gained valuable time. I would have been able to be more present for my family and friends… [had] a greater capacity to advance professionally, and I would have also had a greater capacity for intimacy.”

As Lakshmi says, endometriosis causes all kinds of scars, including many that can’t be seen with a surgeon’s scope. And this is why she started the EFA. “I didn’t want the next generation of women to go through what I went through, to feel betrayed by their own bodies or to feel alone,” she says.


The organization – which believes that early detection and diagnosis is the best prevention for endometriosis – has a wealth of information on its web site. It provides disease information and support, along with fact sheets, tool kits, brochures, and posters. The web site also features resources, FAQs, activities and programs.

The EFA has achieved quite a bit since its inception. It helped launch the country’s first research center on gynepathology at MIT. The EFA hosts an annual international medical conference and runs a variety of outreach campaigns, like a killer cramps poster campaign. It holds various events for different stakeholders and supports ROSE (Research Outsmarts Endometriosis), the first project in the U.S. to solely investigate endometrial tissue to the deepest genetic signature.


As Lakshmi says, the EFA doesn’t view endometriosis as just a women’s health issue, but as a family issue. She lists three major goals:

  • Raise public awareness among all sectors of the general population
  • Foster and encourage research because a cure is possible
  • Change public policy on how the disease is addressed in medical schools and other educational institutions

When asked what is still needed, Dr. Seckin – who has been treating only endometriosis patients for decades — says, “The sad reality today is that the care for women with endometriosis continues to be noticeably deficient. The number of undiagnosed or misdiagnosed cases is staggering.” He calls it a public health crisis, since it affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age in the U.S., with as many as 176 million women and adolescent girls worldwide, and is one of the three leading causes of infertility.

“Both the pharmaceutical industry and medical technology companies have turned a blind eye to the most helpful technique of the endometriosis removal, called excision surgery (when growths and scar tissue are removed or destroyed with intense heat), which is the gold-standard of treatment,” Dr. Seckin says. “What we need is a cure!”

Dr. Seckin’s vision has always been to start a dialogue. “Everyone needs to know about endometriosis. People need to be talking about this disease in the community, in our schools, on college campuses around the world, in the workplace and at the gym, and in the doctor’s office,” he says. He’s petitioning to add it to the recommended curriculum for health education classes, and says in medical school specialty training, it should be mandatory to teach residents the correct way to treat endometriosis patients. Ultimately, a subspecialty should be created, he says.

The co-founders are deeply committed to their cause. “Personally and spiritually, the EFA has been incredibly rewarding because it gave purpose and meaning for what would have otherwise been completely unnecessary suffering,” says Lakshmi.

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Lisa A. Goldstein

Lisa A. Goldstein

Lisa A. Goldstein is a freelance journalist with a Master’s in Journalism from UC Berkeley. She has two kids, a love of books and sweets, and wishes her metabolism is what it used to be.


  1. Georgiana
    March 12, 2015 at 5:13 pm — Reply

    I am so pleased to see that finally there are support groups and awareness about this disease. For years I was dealing with this and NOT one Dr looked into the reasons why I was going through the pain and symptoms that I dealt with for 10years. I was in the military and my last 7 years I fought to have something done. The worse thing about it was the excuses of these Docs that have no idea and would rather relay their opinion than truly find out and research the situations. I was miss diagnosed on several appointments until I finally found a Doc who listend. The big issue was after I had my uterus and crivix removed they did not remove everything this caused a huge issue so it too two different docs several appointments and back up from my leadership to get there stuff straight. I had a peice of me taken in three different surgeries included was a bladder sling. I was questioned and treated like it was all in my head.. and told it was just part of life .. I have gone through the gauntlet with healing and menapause and after a total of 4 years 4 surgeries 8 years total I am finally feeling good. its amazing how ignorant people of the profession are instead of helping they would rather retreat to text book cures . These do not work and unless I fought for my rights as a human being not just a “Woman” I would be still dealing with it. I retired a year and a half ago spent 21+ years dealing with men and their opinions Dr’s and their incompatance and still I finished what I started in a career. Thank you for careing and making this a Real issue and we have to stop these people constantly tellign those with this horrid disease its “all in our mind” . Thank you for bringing this subject to attention .. its such a relief knowing that I was right and that finally its identified as a real issue and disease. I was stage 4 endo which was so rapid that if nothing was done I would have been full of cancer.

    Thank Your for your time and careing


    Georgiana E Mitchell

  2. Sandra
    March 10, 2016 at 6:24 pm — Reply

    I had endometriosis from the age 15 to 30 after having a hysterectomy I finally got better. The reason I found out what it could be is because my oldest niece was living near Dallas, TX and having problems during her time of the month since she was a teenager and was told she had it and she told me about it so I asked my doctor could I have it and she then said yes after me being in her office every month in pain. It also attached to my colon causing problems with it. Of course I had it really bad and had no children but after my niece had surgery to remove it from her she went on to have four children.

  3. […] new face in the Star Wars galaxy, opened up in a candid Instagram post about her diagnosis of endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Endometriosis occurs when cells from the lining of the […]

  4. Karen
    August 29, 2016 at 11:57 pm — Reply

    I have two daughter with endometriosis . If you can give me a name of a doctor that would be great. My youngest isn’t doing well and my oldest is right behind her . Do you know of anyone in Boston mass .please get back to me my youngest needs to be seen now. Thank you so much for any help you can give me sincerely karen.

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